The 2013 Cartier Travel With Style Concourse d’Elegance, Mumbai

Shivajirao Gaekwar of Saffronart shares glimpses of the 2013 Cartier Travel with Style Concourse d’Elegance held in Mumbai

Mumbai: A celebration of design, and said to rank amongst the world’s foremost Concourse d’Elegances, the Cartier Travel With Style Concourse d’Elegance, held on Sunday, February 10, 2013 was perhaps the most important day in the social calendar for those in India who truly appreciate elegant design. The concourse had 60 of the finest vintage and classic automobiles on display, most notably, ‘The Star of India’, a breathtakingly beautiful 1934 Rolls-Royce Phantom II which was custom-built to the order of the royal family of Rajkot, and the ‘Throne Car’, a 1912 Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost that was ordered by the Nizam of Hyderabad.

1934 'Star of India' Rolls-Royce Phantom II

1934 ‘Star of India’ Rolls-Royce Phantom II

1912 Roll-Royce Silver Ghost

1912 Roll-Royce Silver Ghost

1935 Rolls-Royce Phantom II Continental

1935 Rolls-Royce Phantom II Continental

1930 Bentley 8 litre

1930 Bentley 8 litre

1932 Invicta S-Type

1932 Invicta S-Type

1956 Mercedes-Benz 300SSC

1956 Mercedes-Benz 300SSC

1959 MG A

1959 MG A

1947 Buick Super

1947 Buick Super

1962 Norton Dominator

1962 Norton Dominator

Buying Property in London? There may be tax implications…

PART 2: The Non-personal Entity.

Shivajirao Gaekwar shares a note by Vishal Agarwal of BMR Advisors, Mumbai, about tax implications of buying property in London

London: The tax implications discussed in ‘Part 1: The Private Individual’, apply equally for residential property owned by an Indian company for investment purposes and not in the course of its business.

If a resident individual were to acquire overseas property through an overseas company (‘Overseas Holding Company’) established by the individual, the associated tax implications will be different from those summarized in the previous post.

On the basis that the Overseas Holding Company is controlled and managed outside India, it ought not to be regarded as being resident for Indian tax purposes.  Rental income, if the property is let, would accrue to the Overseas Holding Company.  Such income should not be liable to tax in India since it would accrue to the Overseas Holding Company and not to the resident individual.  Similarly, if the property is sold by the Overseas Holding Company, any capital gain realized from the sale would also accrue to the Overseas Holding Company and should consequently not be liable to tax in India.  Income distributed by the Overseas Holding Company as dividends will be taxable as ordinary income in India.  If the owner of the Overseas Holding Company is an Indian company, such dividend is taxable at 15 percent (plus applicable surcharge and cess); if the owner is an individual, tax would apply at the ordinary rates applicable to the individual.

If shares in the Overseas Holding Company are sold by the resident holder, any resulting capital gains would be liable to tax in India. Shares held for more than twelve months (and not thirty-six months as is the case for property) are treated as long-term capital assets. If held for twelve months or less, they would be treated as short-term capital assets. Such gains would be liable to tax at the rates discussed earlier.  Any loss resulting from the sale of shares of the Overseas Holding Company can be offset against taxable gains in the same manner as discussed earlier.

Wealth tax provisions on ownership through a company

Where the property is acquired through an Overseas Holding Company, the asset that the resident individual will hold is shares in the Overseas Holding Company.  Shares are presently not chargeable to wealth tax.

Reporting obligations

An individual who owns property outside India is required to report the details of such property in his / her annual tax return.

Direct Taxes Code Bill, 2010 (‘DTC’)

The current Indian tax law is proposed to be replaced with the DTC with effective from April 1, 2013.  Key areas of difference in tax analysis under the DTC are (i) the concept of “annual value” referred to above has been dropped.  Instead, only actual rent received or receivable on letting out of property is charged to tax; certain prescribed tax deductions continue to be available; (ii) the concept of Controlled Foreign Corporations (‘CFC’) has been introduced bringing to tax in India profits accumulated in an overseas holding company even if not distributed; (iii) the property will be treated as long-term if held for a more than one year from the end of the year in which it was acquired; and (iii) wealth tax is also leviable on shares held in a foreign company that qualifies as a CFC.

Editions: Saffronart’s latest 24-hour Auction

Shivajirao Gaekwar shares some highlights from Saffronart’s latest 24-hour auction catalogue

Mumbai:  For collectors of fine art photography, limited edition prints and sculpture, Saffronart’s Absolute Auction of Editions, which will be held online on July 25-26, 2012, offers a great opportunity to acquire works by artists like V.S. Gaitonde, Raghu Rai, Chintamoni Kar, Himmat Shah, Ram Rahman, Jitish Kallat, Atul Dodiya, Anita Dube and Shilpa Gupta among others. The sale features 110 works, all offered with no reserve prices and online bidding starting as low as $100 or Rs 5400 on each lot! For beginners, then, this is a great opportunity to start, or augment their art collection. Here are some highlights from the auction:

Lot #8 Raghu Rai, Nariman Point, Mumbai, 2006, Pigment ink on textured fine art archival paper
$2,225 – 3,335
Rs 1,20,000 – 1,80,000

Lot #1 V.S. Gaitonde, Untitled, Lithograph on paper
$2,780 – 3,705
Rs 1,50,000 – 2,00,000

Lot #21 Jitish Kallat, Onomatopoeia (The Scar Park), 2005,
Digital prints on Hahnemuhle fine art bright white archival paper
$37,040 – 55,560
Rs 20,00,000 – 30,00,000

Lot #39 Ram Rahman, Folk Singer, Delhi, 1987
Digital Print on Harman FB A1 Archival Paper
$1,670 – 2,225
Rs 90,000 – 1,20,000

Browse the catalogue here.

Buying Property in London? There may be tax implications…

PART 1: The Private Individual

Shivajirao Gaekwar shares a note by Vishal Agarwal of BMR Advisors, Mumbai, about tax implications of buying property in London

London: The one thing that is certain when spending the summer or for that matter, any season in London, especially when one owns a flat there is the relaxed, fun-filled time that London offers residents and visitors.

The only other thing that is more certain than the joys of owning a London flat are tax implications. One of the least uncertain things in one’s life is perhaps tax, and nothing can be more unpleasant than being slapped with a tax bill at the end of the year. Saffronart Prime London feels a buyer ought to get into overseas property ownership well-informed.

 Owning residential property overseas could, based on facts, attract Indian income tax and wealth tax. Here are a few things to keep in mind.

 Income-tax provisions

An overseas residential property owned by a resident individual could potentially result in two streams of income (i) rental income, if the property is let out, and (ii) capital gains, if the property is sold at a future date.  On the basis that the individual owner of the property is resident in India for tax purposes, all such income would be liable to tax in India.

 Taxation of rental income in India

 Income tax is levied on the ‘annual value’ of the residential property for any year. 

 Where the owner actually uses a residential property as his residence, the annual value of one such property is taken to be nil.  Proceeding on the premise that an individual who acquires residential property overseas already owns residential property in India which he / she occupies for personal use and the exclusion from tax discussed above is applied towards this property, the annual value of any further properties acquired by the individual, whether in India or overseas, would be liable to tax at the higher of the amounts calculated in the manner described below:

 (i)      the sum for which the property might reasonably be expected to be let from year-to-year regardless of whether or not the property is actually let; or

(ii)     the rent received or receivable (ignoring rent that cannot be realized), if the property is actually let out. 

 However, where the property is meant to be let out, but remained vacant for want of a tenant for the whole or part of the year, and by virtue of this vacancy the rent received in point (ii) is less than the amount referred to in point (i) above, then the annual value will be taken as the amount actually received or receivable during the year.

 From the annual value so determined, the owner is permitted tax deductions for (a) municipal taxes paid to local authorities; (b) 30 percent of the annual value as a standard deduction; and (c) interest payable on a housing loan subject to a maximum of INR 150,000 (approximately GBP 1,875) if the property is not meant to be let out, and without any limit if the property is meant to be let out.

The net income determined in this manner will be liable to tax under the head “Income from House Property” at ordinary income tax rates applicable to the owner.  At present the maximum rate of tax in India is 30 percent plus applicable surcharge and cess.  If the computation results in a loss, such loss can be used to offset income from any other source earned by the owner in that year.  Any unabsorbed loss can be carried forward and offset against similar house property income for a period of eight years.

 Tax implications on sale of the property

Gains arising from sale of a residential property located in London would be taxable as “Capital Gains”.  The taxable gain is computed by deducting from the sale consideration, the cost of acquisition (including costs directly linked with purchase of the asset), the cost of any improvements and any expenses incurred in connection with the sale.

 The rate of tax that will apply to such gains is a function of the period for which the property has been held prior to its sale.  The property would be regarded as a long-term capital asset if it has been held for more than thirty-six months prior to its sale.  Gains from sale of such assets are classified as a long-term capital gains (‘LTCG’) and subject to tax at the rate of 20 percent (plus applicable surcharge and cess).  In computing the LTCG, the cost of acquisition is increased by applying index factors published by the Indian Government.  If the property is held for 36 months or less, the gains are treated as short-term capital gains (‘STCG’) and taxed at the rates applicable to ordinary income.

 Where the gain is a LTCG, Indian tax laws provide for a relief from income tax if the proceeds from the sale are invested in qualifying assets, subject to prescribed conditions. 

 If the sale of the property results in a loss and such property has been held for more than thirty-six months, the loss would be treated as a long-term capital loss (‘LTCL’).  Such loss can only be offset against any LTCG earned in that year from the sale of any asset and for a period of eight consecutive tax years in a similar fashion, until the loss is exhausted.  If the property had been held for a period of thirty-six months or less, any loss from the sale of such property would be a short-term capital loss (‘STCL’) and such loss can be offset against any capital loss, STCL or LTCL in that year from the sale of any asset and for a period of eight consecutive tax years. 

 Wealth-tax implications

 In addition to income-tax, wealth tax is payable annually at the rate of 1 percent on net wealth in excess of INR 3,000,000 (approximately GBP 37,500).  Wealth is defined to include, inter-alia, all residential property owned by a tax payer, other than one property which is regarded as being held for personal use.  However, where a residential property is let-out for a minimum period of three hundred days in any year, such property will be exempt from wealth tax.

For wealth tax purposes, the market value of the property as at March 31 of each year is to be considered.

 PART 2: The Non-Personal Entity coming soon…

Torn between the vintages?

Shivajirao Gaekwar shares a link about wine collecting tips

Mumbai: Approximately US$ 478 million worth fine wine was traded in 2011; for Oenophiles, investors, and point-chasers, only two types of wines exist, the Bordeaux and the Bourgognes – both have sold for astonishing sums in the past. While many of the revered names such as Latour, Margaux, Haut Brion, Lafite Rothschild, and Mouton Rothschild may be out of reach for many first-time collectors, there are a number of lesser Chateaux one can consider adding to one’s collection. For those who want to begin, deciding on one’s purchases can be difficult. Heather Irwin’s ’10 Tips for Budding Wine Collectors’ might be a good place to start.

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